The debate on the authenticity of the shroud focuses on whether this image was transferred to the linen by some means from a real corpse or whether it was artificed by a clever forger.Chief among the proponents of the image as a "painting" was W. Mc Crone, one of the most respected names in particle analysis.
(Baima Bollone, P., La Sindone-Scienza e Fide 1981, 169-179; Baime Bollone, P., Jorio, M., Massaro, A.
L., Sindon 23, 5, 1981; Baima Bollone, Jorio, M., Massaro, A.
Bloodstains are evident from wounds in the wrists, feet, about the head and brow, and the left thoracic area with pooling under the small of the back and under the feet.
The image of the "man in the shroud" also displays signs of beating about the face, swelling under the eye and shocks of his beard having been ripped from his face (a common form of abuse to Jews by Romans).
The ghostly, sepia colored image is nearly imperceptable close-up but discernable at a distance.