The estimated number of children adopted in the year 2000 was slightly over 128,000, bringing the total U. In fiscal year 2000, 150,703 foster children were adopted in the United States, many by their foster parents or relatives of their biological parents. governmental foster care system is not adopted or returned to the custody of their birth parents by the age of 18 years, they are aged out of the system on their 18th birthday.The enactment of the Adoption and Safe Families Act in 1997 has approximately doubled the number of children adopted from foster care in the United States. To help encourage the adoption of children presently in foster care, adoption exchanges were created, so the county adoption agencies around the country could have central data base to help waiting children find homes.The adoption triad or the relationship between the birth parents, adoptive parents, and the adoptee seemingly all benefit from adoption.
For example, in 2009, 41% of children available for adoption were African American, 40% were white children, and 15% were Hispanic children.
This disparity often results in a lower cost to adopt children from ethnic minorities - usually through special adoption grants rather than fee discrimination.
Jean Paton, author of Breaking Silence and founder of Orphan Voyage in 1954, is regarded as the mother of adoption reform and reunification efforts.
Jean Paton mentored adoptee Judith Land, "Adoption Detective: Memoir of an Adopted Child" during her adoption search.
There are both private and public adoption agencies.