The arrival of chickens in Africa and the routes by which they both entered and dispersed across the continent are not well known.Previous research based on representations of chickens on ceramics and paintings, plus bones from other archaeological sites, suggested that chickens were first introduced to Africa through North Africa, Egypt and the Nile Valley about 2,500 years ago.WASHINGTON (Reuters) - A chicken bone found in Chile provides solid evidence to settle a debate over whether Polynesians traveling on rafts visited South America thousands of years ago -- or vice versa, researchers said on Monday.
Scholars also have demonstrated the biodiversity of modern-day African village chickens through molecular genetic studies.
African women, such as this young egg seller in Hafra, Ethiopia, have traditionally been the keepers of chicken flocks in many rural communities.
is endemic to sub-Himalayan northern India, southern China and Southeast Asia, where chickens were first domesticated 6,000-8,000 years ago.
Now nearly ubiquitous around the world, the offspring of these first-domesticated chickens are providing modern researchers with valuable clues to ancient agricultural and trade contacts.
“It fits with ways in which maritime exchange networks were important for global distribution of chicken and other agricultural products.