Each of these statements, when read literally, contradicts the available physical evidence, and hence is inconsistent with the scientific viewpoint. According to the biblical story in Genesis 1, however: a. The book provides details about many of the descendants of Adam (the first man), including some information about the ages at which these descendants had children and died. A Flooded Earth According to Genesis 6-9 God caused it to rain for forty days and forty nights, so that “every living substance” that he has made will be destroyed “from off the face of the earth”.
A number of biblical scholars have used this information (combined sometimes with information elsewhere in the Bible) to construct accounts of how old the earth must be, with estimates ranging from about 6,000 to 10,000 years, in dramatic contradiction with the scientific estimate. The flood supposedly was so great that water covered every mountain on the planet.
Now consider whether the Church could encourage giving to Scripture a sense contrary to the holy Fathers and all the Latin and Greek commentators.” Today, however, the astronomical evidence for the earth’s movement around the sun is so strong that there is almost no one who doubts it, even among those who take the Bible to be an inerrant revelation of God’s word.
It appears that in this instance there has been a shift of biblical interpretation over time to fit the scientific evidence.
From long before the time of the ancient Greeks, human beings were generally recognized as members of the animal world.
Much later, in the middle of the 19th century, Charles Darwin, in his brilliant book 'On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection' (1859), forced the world to face the fact that all the living creatures of the world had almost certainly descended from a common ancestor.
Subsequently Diogenes the Cynic, in an equally flippant fashion, displayed a plucked chicken and declared, "Here is Plato's man." Plato's student, Aristotle, also was concerned with verbal definitions and distinctions, but he went on to describe the natural world in a matter-of-fact fashion that has earned him recognition as the founder of the biological sciences.