In 1728, Peter II of Russia moved his seat back to Moscow.
But four years later, in 1732, under Empress Anna of Russia, Saint Petersburg was again designated as the capital of the Russian Empire.
The third emperor's assassination took place in Petersburg in 1881 when Alexander II fell victim to narodniki (see the Church of the Savior on Blood).
meaning "Peter's City", to remove the German words Sankt and Burg.
During the reign of Catherine the Great in the 1760s–1780s, the banks of the Neva were lined with granite embankments.