Grog, sand, and sandstone were all used by Ancestral Pueblo people and other Southwestern cultures.
In the Southeastern United States, the earliest ceramics were tempered with fiber such as Spanish moss and palmetto leaves.
While still green, pottery can be incised with designs.
Slips can be applied overall in washes, creating large color fields, often with cloth, or they can be painted in fine detail with brushes.
Yucca leaves, chewed slightly to loosen fibers, make excellent brushes that are still in use today in the American Southwest.
They also used a hand-rotated turntable that allowed all sides of a ceramic piece to be painted with ease.
These were first used in 500 BCE and continue to be used today.
Acoma and other Pueblo pottery traditionally pound dry clay into a powder and then remove impurities by hand, then running the dry powder through a screen, mixing it with a dry temper, and then mixing water to create a plastic paste.